Depression in rural communities validating the ces d scale dating hunt man personal

Depression is the largest single contributor to disability worldwide, and women face twice the lifetime risk of major depression as men (1).

Depressive symptomatology, a risk factor for major depression and a wide range of negative behavioral and physical health outcomes, is elevated during pregnancy and the postpartum period and disproportionately affects low-income and minority populations (2–5).

CONCLUSIONS Negative beliefs and attitudes, subjective social norms, and lack of past helpful treatment experiences are associated with the intent to not accept the diagnosis of depression and may contribute to low rates of treatment among young adults.



The offspring of daily drinkers and non-abstainers had a lower risk of PTB [ABCD: odds ratio (OR) 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.13, 0.77; Ki GGS: OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.57, 0.99].These classes included the following: 1) always or having depressive symptomatology (71%).


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